Peter Kloep

A+ R A-

Benachrichtigung bei ablaufenden Zertifikaten auf einer Zertifizierungsstelle

  • Hauptkategorie: ROOT
  • Kategorie: Bücher
  • Zuletzt aktualisiert: Sonntag, 21. Januar 2018 11:31
  • Veröffentlicht: Mittwoch, 27. Dezember 2017 12:54
  • Geschrieben von Peter Kloep
  • Zugriffe: 695

Anbei ein kleines Skript, welches die Datenbank einer Windows-Zertifizierungsstelle prüft und eine E-Mail mit den Daten zu den Zertifikaten sendet, die im festgelegten Zeitraum ablaufen, sendet.

Getestet unter Windows Server 2012 R2 und Windows Server 2016.
Getestet mit de-DE und en-US

<#
.SYNOPSIS
Script uses certutil to read CA-dabase and send email with certificate expiring withing defined number of months.
.DESCRIPTION
Script uses certutil.exe to export certificates from CA as CSV and evaluates expiration time and sends email if expiration date is lower than defined number of months.
Script runs on Certificate Authority (CA) or can be used on any other machine after specifying -Config "<CAServername>\<CAName>" in CertUtil command line
Tested on de-DE and en-US. For additional languages, please check the Certutil -View CSV output and adjust CSV-header as needed.
.EXAMPLE
.\CertificateExpiration.ps1
This Example will search for all issued certificates with expiration date lower than defined in $month and shows results on the screen. No email is sent if no expiring certificates are found.
#>

$Screenoutput=$true ### Display Messages when running script
[Int]$Months = 3 ### Expiration-date (today+x months)
$Mailrecipients = "Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!" ### Mail recipients (Multiple: "Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!","Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!")
$SMTPServer = 'mail.mytld.tld' ### SMTP-Server address
$FromAddress = Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!' ### From E-Mail address
$MessageSubject = "Certificate expiration reminder from $env:COMPUTERNAME.$env:USERDNSDOMAIN" ### Message subject
#Define CSV-Header based on System locale
if (([cultureInfo]::InstalledUICulture).Name -eq "de-DE")
{
  $Parameter='Anforderungs-ID','Seriennummer','Antragstellername','Ablaufdatum des Zertifikats','Anforderung: Allgemeiner Name','Anforderung: Disposition','Zertifikatvorlage','Erneuert'
}
elseif (([cultureInfo]::InstalledUICulture).Name -eq "en-US") 
{
  $Parameter='Request ID','Serial Number','Requester Name','Certificate Expiration Date','Request Common Name','Request Disposition','Certificate Template','Renewed'
}
else
{
  Write-Warning "Operating system locale not supported. Please check Certutil output and modify header if needed"
  Exit
}
#HTML Style
$style = @"
<style>
body{border: 1px solid black; border-collapse: collapse}
th{border: 1px solid black; background: #dddddd; padding: 5px}
td{border: 1px solid black; padding: 5px}
</style>
"@

#variables
$table = @()

#Read Database as CSV (local)
$dump=certutil.exe -view csv | ConvertFrom-Csv

#Read Database as CSV (remote)
#$dump=certutil.exe -config "PKI-SubCA\SubCA" -view csv | ConvertFrom-Csv

$certificates = $dump | Where-Object {($_."$($parameter[1])" -notcontains 'LEER') -and $_."$($parameter[1])" -notcontains 'EMPTY'} | Select-Object -Property $Parameter[0],$Parameter[1],$Parameter[2],$Parameter[3],$Parameter[4],$Parameter[5],$Parameter[6],$Parameter[7]
#cycle through array and search for matching certificates

for($i=0;$i -lt $certificates.Count;$i++)
{
  if ((get-date).addmonths($months) -gt (get-date($certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[3])")) -and ((get-date) -lt (get-date($certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[3])")))) 
  {
    # certificate expires in $months months 
    for ($j=0; $j -lt $certificates.count; $j++) 
    {
      if (([int]$certificates[$j]."$($Parameter[0])" -gt [int]$certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[0])") -and ($certificates[$j]."$($Parameter[2])" -eq $certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[2])") -and ($certificates[$j]."$($Parameter[6])" -eq $certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[6])")) 
      {
        $certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[7])"=$true
      }
    }
    if ($Screenoutput) 
    {
      Write-Host "Checking certificate:`t $($certificates[$i].'Anforderungs-ID')"
      Write-Host "Serial number:`t`t`t $($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[1])) expires in"((New-TimeSpan -Start (get-date) -End (get-date($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[3])))).days) "days!"-ForegroundColor Red
      Write-Host "Requester Name:`t`t`t $($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[2]))"
      Write-Host "Request Common Name:`t $($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[4]))"
      Write-Host "Certificate Template:`t $($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[6]))"
      Write-Host "Please renew certificate prior to: $($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[3]))" -ForegroundColor Red
      if ($certificates[$i].$($Parameter[7]) -eq $true) {Write-Host "Renewed" -BackgroundColor Green }
      Write-Host "`n"
    }
    if ($certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[6])" -like "1.3.6*") {$certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[6])" = $certificates[$i]."$($Parameter[6])".split(" ")[1]}
    $table += $certificates[$i] | Sort-Object $Parameter[3] | Select-Object -Property $Parameter[0],$Parameter[1],$Parameter[2],$Parameter[3],$Parameter[4],$Parameter[6],$Parameter[7]
  }
}

[string]$html= $table | Select-Object $parameter[0],$parameter[1],$parameter[2],$parameter[3],$parameter[4],$parameter[6],$parameter[7] | ConvertTo-Html -Head $style # | Set-Content c:\temp\test.html
#Send Mail if Certificate expiration is within specified timeframe
if ($table.Count -gt 0)
  {
    Send-MailMessage -Encoding UTF8 -From $FromAddress -To $Mailrecipients -Body $html -BodyAsHtml -Priority High -SmtpServer $SMTPServer -Subject $MessageSubject -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
  }

<Link> zum Skript